Common Orthodontic Treatments
Crowding of the teeth
Sometimes, the dental arch of one’s mouth is too small for when adult teeth begin to come in. When this occurs, the patient will experience crowding, which can range from moderate to severe. If it is severe, premolar extraction may be necessary. It is important to fix crowding because this issue can make eating more difficult, as well as properly cleaning your teeth.
Crowding can be fixed; for example, this 11-year old patient had braces on for 26 months and ended up with a brand new smile!
Open bite – Front teeth don’t touch
There are many factors that are attributed to why a patient has an open bite. An open bite is when the upper and lower incisors cannot touch and the upper and lower front teeth are forced outwards. This makes it difficult to smile and can cause jaw pain. Habits that can lead to an open bite include thumb-sucking and prolonged pacifier use. The earlier that an open bite can be treated, the better-this patient was treated at age 13 for 28 months.
Deep overbite – Lower front teeth bite into palate
A common problem orthodontists see is a deep overbite, which is when the patient’s upper teeth disproportionately overlap the bottom teeth. In avoiding treatment, an overbite can lead to gum damage and issues with the tooth structure. Deep overbites are particularly problematic, and may need corrective surgery.
This patient did not undertake treatment until age 25, which, at that point, meant that he needed jaw surgery and braces. Had he been treated prior to his teenage years, he likely would have just needed braces.
Missing lateral incisors
Your lateral incisors are the two teeth surrounding your two front teeth. If you were born without these, you do have options. This patient had braces so that her teeth could move to their proper place. After, we placed bridges to give her the lateral incisors that were missing.
Underbite – Lower front teeth in front of upper teeth
When a patient’s bottom teeth are in front of their upper teeth, it can lead to many problems. Early correction is recommended to avoid severe jaw discomfort, difficulty chewing, and wearing down of the teeth. This patient was 32 when she undertook nearly two and a half years of treatment. While treatment is more extensive than other orthodontic problems, it is worth it.
Spacing of teeth
Spacing issues plague many patients. Whether there is a gap between your front teeth, or if your teeth are spaced out amongst your entire mouth, Oakbrook Orthodontics can help. For example, this patient was able to fix his spacing issues in two years.
Overjet – Protruding front teeth
Oftentimes, overjet crops up at a young enough age that it is easily fixed. Overjet, or protrusion, is when the front teeth extend far enough forward that it causes problems. This specific patient started treatment at age ten, where we focused on helping her jaw grow properly as well as bring into line her teeth and bite.
Although braces are typically the best way to treat an orthodontic problem, sometimes they are not necessary. Certain procedures can offer up similar results, particularly when the patient has not had his or her adult teeth come in yet. For example, this patient was seven, so we performed a procedure that helped her baby teeth with crowding. Due to the procedure, her adult teeth were able to align and come in straight.
When a child has orthodontic problems between the ages of six and ten, phase one treatment may be enacted. This is typically done only when the child’s teeth are particularly crowded, crooked, displaced, etc. It is often done to prepare for the child’s future permanent teeth, as the patient can greatly benefit from early treatment.
This patient was able to see considerable results after just one year, with better dental function and less pain.